About dip nibs

From time to time people ask us questions about dip nibs that indicate they are new to the idea. They might be looking for a "good writing nib", and they heard from a friend that the Speedball nib is great, or someone told them a Manga G is perfect for writing Spencerian script.

There are plenty of good writing dip nibs - Abraham Lincoln wrote with a Gillott 404, a stiffer version of the Gillott 303. Speedball makes a variety of dip pen nibs, some of which are good for drawing, others for lettering. The Manga G is a great nib for writing Spencerian script, but the nib won't write by itself. You have push the nib just the right way. You have to master Spencerian script to get the most out of Manga G dip pen nib. You have to learn to draw before you can get the benefits of the Gillott 303 nib. And you have to perfect good penmanship before any of the Speedball nibs will do you any good.

The following information will probably are already familiar with dip pen nibs for writing. This information is provided for those who are not familiar with dip pen nibs or dip pen sets, and would like to find out more about them.

Note of caution

Wash your hands before handling dip nibs, and make sure you clean up the nibs after handling them. Oil from your skin will transfer easily to the surface of dip nibs impede the flow of ink or paint over the nib. Old fashioned nib users will wipe a dip nib with their tongue and lips to remove any oil. If you are more fastidious, use a clean cloth with mild soapy water. 

Dip nibs are . . . 

Dip nibs are old fashioned pen tips used by artists, calligraphers, and scribblers who enjoy the special qualities that they provide. Dip nibs are sold separately from a pen. They are often sold in bulk, say, ten nibs to a box. Dip nibs are traditionally inserted into holders or "sticks" that are then used like pens.

Popular dip nibs and their drawn lines

People who use dip pen nibs usually have their favorites. Dip nibs are designed to provide a specific type of line or range of lines that the artist is trying to use to create an artistic effect.

Wide variety of dip pen nibs

There is such a wide variety of dip pen nibs, it is difficult to list them all. Most popular dip pen sets fall into one of two categories: broad point and pointed. The name refers to the tip of the nib. Nibs with broad tips, also called chisel tips, are used for lettering and drawing swaths. Nibs with pointed tips are more popular, and can be used for drawing, lettering and writing. You can see the difference below.

Pointed vs broad nibs

The five nibs on the left are pointed nibs. The four nibs on the right are broad or chisel nibs. 

Dip nibs are not tipped

Dip pen nibs are not tipped, which means there is no ball on the end of the nib that lets you move the tip in any direction, or keeps the tip from wearing down or catching on paper.

Untipped vs tipped nibs

The dip pen nib on the left has not been tipped, whereas the fountain pen nib on the right has been tipped. You can see the ball clearly on the underside of the nib.

Since most fountain pen nibs are designed for writing, they must be tipped so you can move the nib in any direction smoothly. The ball, lubricated by the flow of ink, lets the nib skate over the paper as the nib delivers the ink.

You cannot draw in any direction with a dip nib (or untipped nib) unless you are careful and experienced. Most dip pen nibs are designed to be drawn in the downward direction and perhaps 30 degrees to either side. This constraints your movement and explains why most old drawings display short strokes in the same direction. You can draw longer lines, but that requires practice.

The principal drawback to tipped dip pen nibs is that they don't draw very fine lines. The tipping material makes the tip of the nib larger, which results in a wider drawn line. Pointed dip pen nibs can draw extremely fine hair lines, even narrower than a hair. This is their principal advantage. Pointed dip nibs are usually very flexible, which provides another benefit - a wide variation in line widths. Line width variation is a great benefit, because it puts life into 2D drawings and makes them seem 3D.

Dipping pen nibs Into bottles

Dip pen nibs get their name from the most common method of filling them with ink: dipping them into a bottle or container of ink. You then withdraw the nib coated with ink, and draw or letter until the ink is expended, then dip again to refill the nib.

Painting with dip pen nibs

Dip pen nibs can also be filled by painting the nib with a brush filled with ink. This is a popular with calligraphers who enjoy lettering with dip nibs that have a bowl shaped depression in the top, such as the Brause and Mitchell lettering nibs.

Pen in one hand, brush in the other, the artist will dip the brush in ink, sweep it across the top of the nib thereby depositing ink in the bowl, drawing letters with the nib until the ink is used up, refilling the bowl again with the brush, dipping the brush to refill it, and proceeding this way using both hands but almost oblivious to everything except the letters they are drawing. It's quite an interesting sight to watch.

Dip pen nibs are cheap and mass produced

Most dip pen nibs are cheap, costing a few dollars at most. I say "most" because there are relatively expensive antiquarian dip nibs, such as the famous Principality nib. You can find these on eBay, but they are not cheap.

Most dip pen nibs are made from cheap spring steel. Broad pointed nibs are not designed to be flexible. Pointed dip pen nibs usually are designed to be flexible. The flex is achieved from the material - spring steel - and the design of the nib.

Because dip pen nibs are cheap and mass produced, they can vary slightly in size and shape from one production batch to the next. This can make it difficult to obtain a perfect match of feed to nib. Anomalies in the surface geometry of the nib can impede a close fit with the feed.

Dip pen nibs can also snap and rust. If you push too hard in the upward direction, the tip of the nib can catch on the paper and bend permanently, or snap and splatter ink. Gillott 303 nibs are a good example. These pointed dip pen nibs have been around for a long time. Gillott 303 nibs are extremely flexible as well as fragile, and liable to snap and rust. You can draw a wide variety of line widths using most Gillott nibs, and the finest line is very fine. The Gillott 303 might be the single most popular dip pen nib. It is used by illustrators, calligraphers, fine artists, cartoonists, and comic book artists, which covers the gamut of drawing talent.

A professional artist working eight hours a day can go through two or three Gillott 303 nibs a day. They get sprung (bend back too far), snap (and splatter), and if they don't fall to this violence, they rust easily. Remember, ink is 98 percent water, and the coloring agent (black, red, orange) is usually acidic, which increases the rate of rusting.

Starting out with dip pen nibs

If you are new to dip pen nibs, you should get as much experience as you can writing and drawing with them. We recommend that everyone start out with a "stick and a handful of nibs", and by that we mean a simple holder like that shown below.

Manga G nib holder

You should know beforehand what type of dip pen nib you want to use. If you don't, collect four of five of the most popular, say, Manga G, Gillott 303, crowquill, Mitchell Lettering, and any Hunt nib from the series 56, 99, and 101 or the Leonardt Principal nib. The four nibs in this series are designed to emulate the famous Principality nib of 100 years ago.

Once you discover that you like drawing with a dip pen nib, then you can consider whether you want to buy a Pump Pen set that contains the nib you prefer to use, or buy one Pump Pen and adaptors that let you use several dip pen nibs you enjoy.

Our pens make dipping obsolete

Our Pump Pens relieve you of having to dip or paint the nib. We have designed devices that feed ink to a variety of dip pen nibs automatically, just like a standard fountain pen. This lets you concentrate on your work and not worry about dipping the pen nib periodically, or that you might knock over the open bottle of ink.

Some artists still prefer dipping their pen nibs. It's a routine practice they no longer pay attention to. Others prefer to hold a pen in one hand, a brush in the other hand, and swipe the nib with the brush periodically. Old habits die hard, and there can be pleasure in a routine, but most artists prefer to focus on their work and not on their tools. In any case, dipping and painting pen nibs always carry with them the risk of knocking over the open bottle of ink or paint. And then there's the extra container to carry around with you.

Whichever method you prefer, we have added to your dip pen nib choices by providing our Pump Pens. We’ve also made it very easy to buy pens online. Shop our full selection of dip pen nibs and pen sets today.